Triglycerides and Obesity
Unless a disorder disrupts the natural production of triglycerides, these esters are produced by the liver and the intestines from the food we consume. Triglycerides are actually the pre-fat chemical compounds which are created when the body receives more calories than it is in immediate need of. These can therefore, be considered as the reserve energy stores of our body, however, they are transformed into fat molecules and stored within the body if they are not utilized soon enough. Over time, this constantly accumulating fat makes a person overweight and later obese, if left uncontrolled. Someone who has high blood triglycerides may not be obese but someone who is already obese will almost certainly have high blood triglyceride levels. Obese men and women can have triglyceride levels as high as 2000 mg/dL or even higher and that is one of the reasons as to why obesity opens the door to so many other diseases, including all kinds of heart problems. Intra-myocellular triglyceride peroxidation is a condition where an obese person’s muscles are layered with fat molecules up to such a level that it becomes a factor behind the body’s indifference to insulin.
Triglyceride levels often rise because of diseases like diabetes, hyperlipidemia, familial hypertriglyceridemia, hypothyroidism and similar disorders. While all of these reasons and many more can indeed be responsible for triglyceride elevation in one’s blood, followed by obesity over time; surveys have taught us that one’s lifestyle and food habits have a larger role to play than any of these reasons in most of the cases. In simple words, an untimely and inadequate diet, coupled with either insufficient or extra-sleep can make a person fat.
True to the old saying, “you are what you eat”, fat levels will rise if your diet contains large amounts of oily and fried foods along with sweets and carbohydrates. While these are all essential nutrients that we need to survive, their intake should be limited, especially when one is worried about one’s triglyceride levels. The key is to monitor the number of calories that one consumes as well as the number of calories that one utilizes in a day because ideally, the former should not exceed the latter by much. Replacing unhealthy, saturated fats found in red meat and fries with unsaturated omega fats found in fish oil, fish fat and oils from coconuts, palm etc is a good idea if one is serious about reducing triglycerides (which is essential for losing weight). Also, items like fibrous fruits (figs, apples) and vegetables (lettuce, spinach, potato) help in processing triglycerides if had in an unprocessed manner, for example, drinking fruit juices, which are processed is not as healthy as eating unprocessed raw fruits. Finally, the ones among us who are more addicted to beer or any other alcoholic drink are usually fatter than the ones who are not. The reason as to this is that alcohol boosts one’s blood triglyceride levels unlike anything else, which makes it an obstacle on the path to reduce triglycerides.
Obesity is also a result of inactivity; if one uses up the calories that he/she consumes daily, then there won’t be any extra calorie remaining in the body to be turned into triglycerides anymore. This is the reason why everyone should exercise at least for half an hour every day. All of these factors affect triglyceride levels within our body and ultimately obesity, but everyone needs a diet chart and an exercise regimen customized to their unique body type, age, medical conditions and goals by a professional to properly counter obesity.