Triglycerides and Liver

The liver and triglycerides are very closely associated with each other due to a number of reasons and the first reason is that the latter is produced by the former. Livers are responsible for both production and processing of triglycerides. That is the liver produces triglycerides from the foods consumed and processes them when the body needs extra energy or for the production of lipoproteins. However, when the level of triglycerides in one’s blood is too high, it may affect the liver in a detrimental way, leading to liver disease. It has been found that liver diseases may increase one’s mortality risk by as much as thirty percent.

Fatty liver is a condition that is typically a symptom of excessively high triglyceride levels in one’s blood (close to or above 500 mg/dL). When someone is suffering from fatty liver, Layers of triglycerides accumulate on the liver as a result of steatosis which may cause gradual swelling in the liver (steatohepatitis), making it yellowish in color while damaging the parenchymal cells. This condition is usually initiated by constant high blood triglycerides over a long period of time, but once the liver is fully affected, it also overproduces the triglycerides itself, while being unable to process the fat cells. The increased production rate and the decreased processing rate continue to take the blood triglyceride level even higher. Fatty liver disease is a reversible disorder, but, if not treated properly, the liver could lose all its functionality. Depending on the reason behind the disease, there can be chiefly two types of fatty liver diseases, the alcoholic and the non-alcoholic type. Although malnutrition, toxin reaction, unhealthy dietary habits or even being pregnant can be the reason, alcohol is by far, the most common one. The condition is found to be more common among individuals that suffer from insulin resistance as well, which in fact is also an effect of excess triglycerides in one’s blood.

In order to keep one’s liver healthy, it is recommended that one should watch his/her weight as obesity clearly indicates high blood triglyceride levels. However, triglycerides do not affect everybody in the same way. What it means is that though the excess triglyceride in your blood might affect you in other ways, it doesn’t necessarily affect the liver always. Nonetheless, even when these esters inflict the body with other diseases, those diseases might become responsible for harming the liver over the course of time. It is wise to control diet and exercise regularly to stop fat from accumulating in the first place. A low triglyceride diet that excludes or restricts oily foods, carbohydrates, sweets and especially alcohol is a must for those who already are suffering from fatty liver disease, along with medications. One may also do well to include green vegetables, fish-oil and more protein in their diet, but depending on the individual’s particular medical conditions, the diet and exercise regimen must be prepared by professionals.