Elevated Triglycerides

Triglycerides are a kind of lipid found inside our body, produced when glycerol and fatty acids react with each other chemically. Just as they are produced naturally within our body by the lever and the intestines, these are also found in food items. The principle source of saturated triglyceride is animal fat, but it is also found in vegetable oil, though in a less saturated form. Though triglyceride is found naturally in the blood plasma of all human beings, it becomes a cause for concern if the levels go above the safety mark. Elevated triglycerides could be the cause for a series of health problems, but it is most commonly associated with increased chances of atherosclerosis, arteriosclerosis and cholesterol rise. As triglyceride is an important component in the reaction that forms cholesterol, therefore elevated triglyceride levels inevitably means increased cholesterol levels as well. What is more detrimental to one’s health is the fact that research has proven the role of raised triglyceride levels in increasing the harmful LDL cholesterols while decreasing the count of the HDL or “good” cholesterol in blood plasma.

In order to be considered as someone with an increased level of blood triglyceride, one must have a count that is more than 150 mg/dL. Even then, it would not be considered as dangerous as it would, if it were to cross 200 mg/dL. For heart patients and people suffering from triglyceride related disorders, above 200 mg/dL is a sign of imminent danger. However, there are also people who suffer from triglyceride levels as high as 1000 – 2000 mg/dL. Such high levels could be a result of a variety of causes like ill-controlled diabetes, genetic disorders, extreme obesity etc, but the results could be life-threatening, because not only does such high levels of elevated triglycerides make one acutely susceptible to heart diseases, but these patients frequently suffer from fatty liver and pancreatitis too. Proficient medical treatment of the cause (or causes, as is the case often) in addition to following proper dietary habits is a must in the extreme cases to ensure recovery.

If the elevated triglycerides are not a result of some sort of a medical disorder like the genetic disease Familial hypertriglyceridemia or thyroid under activity (hypothyroidism), then the cause is often an unhealthy lifestyle. Triglyceride serves an important function in the human body, which is it supplies the body with energy in absence of the immediate sources of energy; but the problem begins when the calorie intake surpasses the energy required by quite a big amount. The unused calories are quickly turned into triglyceride, which is then converted to fat. As the fat accumulation continues to increase, so does the triglyceride levels and that is the nature of the problem in most cases. The key to bringing down elevated triglycerides is therefore burning the calories that you consume daily. Reduce the intake of oily foods, sweets and alcohol, while continuing to exercise in order to burn the fat that has already accumulated in the body. It is best to consult professionals to get a diet-chart and an exercise-chart customized to one’s unique BMI index, BMR and physical conditions.